martes, 17 de julio de 2012

Gender and the Arms Trade Treaty

Maria Butler, Director PeaceWomen Project 

July is a very busy month for WILPF and partners as the UN Conference on the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) negotiations are underway at UN Headquarters. WILPF's team and sections are here in strength and working on various aspects of the ATT, including daily monitoring of developments (sign up here for WILPF's Reaching Critical Will daily ATT Monitor) and advocating for the inclusion of a specific gender criterion in the negotiated text (see our recent Joint Policy Paper on Gender and the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) with Amnesty International, IANSA, and Religions for Peace. Over a hundred organizations around the world have supported our call for gender focus in the ATT. During the first half of the conference, over 28 Member States have made comments so far supporting reference to gender-based armed violence in the ATT. Iceland has been strongest calling upon other delegates to support adding in text on GBV in all three place: preamble, the goals and objectives and the criteria. 

Madeleine, WILPF Secretary-General, was also here in New York and briefed member states on Tuesday (July 10), spoke at our Side Event on Thursday (July 12) and met officials. WILPF is also organizing a second panel on July 20 (Friday) to discuss the important ways in which two treaties -- the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) and the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) along with the UN Security Council Resolution 1325 et al. can work to prevent discrimination and violence against women, particularly in conflict and post-conflict situations. Several WILPF Sections (Philippines, Spain, Mexico, US, and Sweden) are also in New York and participated in a one-day training session that focused on enhancing the work on a national level concerning arms trade and military expenditure. 

I also just finalized a paper on the links between Women, Peace and Security and what I called the two silent “Ps” of the Prevention pillar: Proliferation and Profit. I argue that insufficient attention to conflict prevention promises to perpetuate the downward cycle of violence begetting violence and profits justifying arms sales. I also attempt to present not only challenges but also immediate and long-term opportunities for addressing Proliferation and Profits within the WPS Agenda. In the conclusion, I acknowledge that there is no panacea to address these complex issues; but we must be brave in our work to expose the lies, consistent in the face of conflicting interests, insistent in the face of vested silence, and diligent in our work to propose transformative shifts in policy. 

Finally, a special welcome to Ms. Zainab Hawa Bangura, the newly appointed Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict. She is the current Minister of Health and Sanitation for the Government of Sierra Leone and replaces Margot Wallström, who held the position for two years. We, in PeaceWomen and WILPF, look forward to continuing our work with the new SRSG to advance prevention of sexual violence (see the recent joint WILPF statement on sexual violence). 

Featured in the news this month are articles on the ATT and a selection of news items on recent regional developments, ranging from an update on a promising female politician in South Africa to destructive marriage practices in Pakistan. Featured as resources are two separate papers in which WILPF sections from Finland and Denmark examine the responsibilities of their respective governments and make recommendations vis-a-vis the implementation of SCR 1325 in Afghanistan. 

jueves, 12 de julio de 2012

Participación de WILPF España en las negociaciones de la Conferencia para un Tratado sobre el Comercio de Armas

Un grupo de representantes de WILPF de distintos países (México, Filipinas, Suecia, España...), están estos días en Nueva York haciendo seguimiento a las negociaciones, que se están llevando a cabo durante el mes de julio, para lograr un Tratado sobre el Comercio de Armas fuerte y vinculante que garantice los derechos humanos y el desarrollo. Nuestra compañera Manuela Mesa se encuentra entre ellas.